Chulalongkorn University (CU) Centennial Park, Bangkok, Thailand

| QODARIAN PRAMUKANTO | DEPARTEMEN ARSITEKTUR LANSKAP, FAKULTAS PERTANIAN, IPB |

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CU Centennial Park merupakan taman kota seluas 30-rai  atau sekitar 4.4 ha yang diresmikan tanggal 26 Maret 2017 oleh Ratu Maha Chakri Sirindhorn.  Karya ini merupakan bentuk inisiatif yang dipersembahkan oleh Universitas Chulalongkorn (CU) untuk menjedi oase di kawasasn jantung kota Bangkok dengan mengubahnya menjadi ruang terbuka hijau bagi warga Bangkok dan masyarakat sekitar yang ingin menghabiskan waktu luang yang berkualitas di lingkungan yang indah dan menyenangkan.  Sesuai dengan namanya, CU Centennial Park, peresmian taman yang bertepatan dengan hari jadi ke 100 tahun universitas tertua di negeri Gajah Putih ini, menjadi tonggak sejarah, tidak saja dalam melihat kipah universitas di masa lampau, tetapi juga dalam menentukan visi dan kontribusi bagi masyarakat pada kurun 100 tahun ke depan.  Desain lanskap taman yang digubah oleh Architectural Studio Landprocess, mengusung konsep melihat masa depan Bangkok dan dunia dalam 100 tahun ke depan, dan  tantangan yang akan kita hadapi, seperti perubahan iklim, untuk kemudian mengevaluasi kembali peran Chulalongkorn dalam berkiprah di masa depan.
Orientasi desain lanskap tidak hanya berkenaan dengan  memilih vegetasi yang tepat atau memberi  keindahan kota, tetapi lebih pada perancangan lingkungan baru yang sebagai kawasan retensi kota, yang mengandalkan adanya rain garden, lahan basah, kolam retensi dan detention lawn.  Ruang ini pada akhirnya akan menjadi model (showcase) pengolahan air (water treatment) bagi penduduk kota dalam mengendalikan perubahan iklim kota di masa depan.
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Desain lanskap dibuat dengan mengangkat bidang taman disatu sisi dan memiringkan permukaan lahan di sisi lain, sehingga berfungsi sebagai giant rain garden yang mengantarkan air mengalir dan terhubung menuju daerah dengan zero-discharge yang dibangun berupa lahan basah dalam bentuk kolam penjernih air (water recyle) dan tangki air (water strorage) penyimpan untuk digunakan di masa depan.  Selain dirancang untuk mengumpulkan dan membersihkan air limbah dari bangunan di dekatnya, taman ini  juga dikembangkan menjadi ruang pameran dan area parkir di bawah taman.
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Selain fungsi fisik dalam pengendalian tata air (hidrologi), keunikan dari taman ini adalah dalam pembentukan habitat hidupan liar (wildlife).  Jenis-jenis tanaman yang dipilih merupakan tanaman-tanaman lokal yang beradaptasi di lingkungan perkotaan dan merupakan tanaman liar yang biasanya menjadi gulma (weed) ditaman.  Konsep penanaman dilakukan dengan menginisiasi  terbentuknya proses suskesi alami.  Selama proses suksesi ini diharapkan akan muncul bentuk-bentuk hubungan asosiatif, baik antara vegetasi dengan vegetasi spontan (spontaneous vegetation), maupun antara vegetasi sebagai tempat hidup (habitat) dengan satwa, seperti serangga, burung dan reptil.
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